This topic uses the definitions of referenced element and referencing element as defined in DITA terminology and notation.
- Pulling content to the referencing element
When the @conref or @conkeyref attribute is used alone, the referencing element acts as a placeholder for the referenced element, and the content of the referenced element is rendered in place of the referencing element.
The combination of the @conrefend attribute with either @conref or @conkeyref specifies a range of elements that is rendered in place of the referencing element. Although the start and end elements must be of the same type as the referencing element (or specialized from that element type), the elements inside the range can be any type.
- Pushing content from the referencing element
The @conaction attribute reverses the direction of reuse from pull to push. With a push, the referencing element is rendered before, after, or in place of the referenced element. The location (before, after, or in place of) is determined by the value of the @conaction attribute. Because the @conaction and @conrefend attributes cannot both be used within the same referencing element, it is not possible to push a range of elements.
A fragment of DITA content, such as an XML document that contains only a single paragraph without a topic ancestor, does not contain enough information for the conref processor to be able to determine the validity of a reference to it. Consequently, the value of a conref must specify one of the following items:
- A referenced element within a DITA map
- A referenced element within a DITA topic
- An entire DITA map
- An entire DITA topic